April 13, 2023
How to Develop a Financial Plan
This article was provided by American Bankers Association.
Creating a Budget
The key to a good budget is including as much information as possible so you can adequately prepare and plan. It's important to keep accurate records of your spending so you can see where you can save money and how much you can reasonably spend.
What is your current income?
The first step in creating a budget is to total your income every month. Include only your take-home pay (your salary minus taxes and deductions). Your income may also include tips, child support, investment income, etc.
What are your monthly expenses?
Next, track your expenses. For bills that vary from month to month, use a monthly average. For example, if your cellphone bill is $45 one month and $55 the next, estimate $50 per month. For annual bills, divide the yearly cost by 12 for a monthly figure.
How much of your income should be spent?
Rent or mortgage payments plus your credit obligations should not exceed 35 percent to 40 percent of your gross monthly income (income before taxes or deductions). The amount you owe on credit cards, monthly car payment, student loans, and other monthly payments should not exceed 10 percent to 15 percent of your take-home pay.
Put it in writing.
Document and categorize your expenses. Tally up everything you spend money on. Don’t forget your daily coffee or snacks — those can add up quickly!
Do the math.
The last step in creating your budget is to total your expenses and subtract them from your monthly income.
How'd You Do?
Did you have money left over at the end of the month?
If your income and expenses are EQUAL ...
- You might be living paycheck to paycheck. Cut expenses and develop a savings plan in case of emergencies or unexpected expenses.
- But only because you're using credit to survive and paying only minimums each month, you may need to talk to a debt counseling service to help you get back on track to live within your means.
If you have MONEY LEFT OVER at the end of the month ...
You're doing a good job of managing your expenses. Here are some suggestions for the leftover money:
- Open a savings account at a bank.
- If you already have a savings account, consider setting up automatic transfers to your savings account. Or if you have direct deposit, ask your employer to put a portion of your paycheck in your savings account automatically.
- Investigate whether your employer offers a 401(k) or other employee-matching savings plan. The contribution you make to this type of account is taken out of your paycheck before taxes.
If your total was negative and you DON'T HAVE MONEY LEFT OVER ...
- You need to make adjustments immediately. Keep in mind that it's usually easier to cut back on expenses than increase your income. Analyze your budget to see where you can cut expenses — personal or entertainment expenses are often the easiest things to cut.
- Call your utility, phone, cable, cellphone providers. Cutting those bills could take just a phone call.
- Consider increasing your income by getting a second part-time job or by working overtime.
Take charge of your finances and your life by setting financial goals, planning a budget, and sticking to it.
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